S. Bruce Archibald, PhD | Paleoentomology

updated October 2021

Ph.D. in Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. Dissertation: Climate and Species Diversity: The Eocene Okanagan Highlands Insect View, 2007. Faculty advisor, Brian D. Farrell.

B.Sc. (1st Class, Honours), Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada, 1998.

Simon Fraser University,
Department of Biological Sciences,
8888 University Drive
Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6
Canada
email: sba48[at]sfu.ca

Public talk on my work on biodiversity: YouTube

Talk for the Dragonfly Society of the Americas on the new odonate suborder Cephalozygoptera: YouTube.

Associate:

Research Associate:

Fellow:

SFU paleontologist honours Indigenous culture through collaboration.
Simon Fraser University News, June 18, 2021.

How does climate affect biodiversity? Why are various plants and animals distributed across the globe as they are? Why do communities have particular compositions? I address these and other basic questions about ecosystems by comparing modern insect communities with the diverse and well-preserved insect communities of the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands series of fossil sites in British Columbia, Canada and northern Washington, USA.

covers

Journal Publications

2021

56- Archibald, S.B., and Cannings, R.A. (2021) The head of Cephalozygoptera (Odonata). Zootaxa, 5047(1): 97–100.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5047.1.10

55- E. Rubino, E, Leier, A., Cassel, E.J., Archibald S.B., Foster-Baril, Z., and Barbeau Jr., D.L. (2021) Detrital zircon U-Pb ages and Hf-isotopes from Eocene intermontane basin deposits of the southern Canadian Cordillera. Sedimentary Geology, 422 (2021), 105969.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2021.105969

54- Archibald, S.B., Aase, A., and Nel, A. (2021) The second North American fossil horntail wood-wasp (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), from the early Eocene Green River Formation. Zootaxa, 4999(4): 325–334.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4999.4.2

53- Mathewes, R.W., Archibald, S.B., and Lundgren, A. (2021) Tips and identification of early Eocene Fraxinus L.samaras from the Quilchena locality, Okanagan Highlands, British Columbia, Canada. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 293: 104480.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2021.104480

52- Makarkin, V.N., Archibald, S.B., and Mathewes, R.W. (2021) New Protosmylinae (Neuroptera: Osmylidae) from the early Eocene of western North America, with taxonomic remarks. Zootaxa, 4980(1): 142–156.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4980.1.9

51- Archibald, S.B., and Cannings, R.A. (2021) A new genus and species of Euphaeidae (Odonata, Zygoptera) from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands locality at Republic, Washington, U.S.A. Zootaxa, 4966(3): 392–400.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4966.3.11

50- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2021) Early Eocene snakeflies (Raphidioptera) of western North America from the Okanagan Highlands and Green River Formation. Zootaxa, 4951(1): 041–079.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4951.1.2

Selected media for Early Eocene snakeflies (Raphidioptera) of western North America from the Okanagan Highlands and Green River Formation:

49- Archibald, S.B., Cannings, R.A., Erickson, R.J., Bybee, S.M., and Mathewes, R.W. (2021) The Cephalozygoptera, a new, extinct suborder of Odonata with new taxa from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America. Zootaxa, 4934(1): 1–133.
https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/issue/view/zootaxa.4934.1

Selected media for The Cephalozygoptera, a new, extinct suborder of Odonata with new taxa from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America:

2020

48- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2020) A new genus and species of split-footed lacewings (Neuroptera) from the early Eocene of western Canada and revision of the subfamily affinities of Mesozoic Nymphidae. The Canadian Entomologist, 152: 269–287.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2020.10

47- Archibald, S.B., and Cannings, R.A. (2019) Fossil Dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 151: 783–816.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2019.61

2019

Selected media for Fossil Dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America:

46- Mayr, G., Archibald, S.B., Kaiser, G.W., and Mathewes, R.W. (2019) Early Eocene (Ypresian) birds from the Okanagan Highlands, British Columbia, Canada) and Washington State (USA). The Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 56: 803–813.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2018-0267

Selected media for Early Eocene (Ypresian) birds from the Okanagan Highlands, British Columbia, Canada) and Washington State (USA):

45- Makarkin, V.N., Archibald, S.B., and Jepson, J.E. (2019) The oldest Inocelliidae (Raphidioptera) from the Eocene of western North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 151: 521–530.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2019.26

2018

44- Archibald, S.B., and Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2018) Two new species of fossil Eomerope (Mecoptera: Eomeropidae) from the Ypresian Okanagan Highlands, far-western North America, and Eocene Holarctic dispersal of the genus. The Canadian Entomologist, 150: 393–403.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2018.13

Selected media for Two new species of fossil Eomerope (Mecoptera: Eomeropidae) from the Ypresian Okanagan Highlands, far-western North America, and Eocene Holarctic dispersal of the genus:

43- Archibald, S.B., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Brothers, D.J., and Mathewes, R.W. (2018) Modernisation of the Hymenoptera: ants, bees, wasps and sawflies of the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands. The Canadian Entomologist, 150: 205–257.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2017.59

Selected media for Modernisation of the Hymenoptera: ants, bees, wasps and sawflies of the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands:

2017

42- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2017) A new fossil green lacewing (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) from the early Eocene Driftwood Canyon, Canada. Zootaxa, 4324: 397–400.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4324.2.13

2016

41- Mathewes, R.W., Greenwood, D.R., and Archibald, S.B. (2016) Paleoenvironment of the Quilchena flora, British Columbia, during the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum. The Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 53: 574–590.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2015-0163

2015

40- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2015) The second genus and species of the extinct neuropteroid family Corydasialidae, from early Eocene McAbee, British Columbia, Canada: do they belong to Megaloptera? Zootaxa, 4040(5): 569–575.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4040.5.5

39- Archibald, S.B., and Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2015) New early Eocene Siricomorpha (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Pamphiliidae, Siricidae, Cephidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 148: 209–228.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2015.55

Selected media for New early Eocene Siricomorpha (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Pamphiliidae, Siricidae, Cephidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America:

38- Archibald, S.B., and Bradler, S. (2015) Stem-group stick insects (Phasmatodea) in the early Eocene at McAbee, BC, Canada, and Republic, Washington, USA. The Canadian Entomologist, 147: 744–753.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2015.2

37- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2015) A new species of Archaeochrysa Adams (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) from the early Eocene of Driftwood Canyon, British Columbia, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist, 147: 359–369.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2014.53

Selected media for A new species of Archaeochrysa Adams (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) from the early Eocene of Driftwood Canyon, British Columbia, Canada:

2014

36- Archibald, S.B., Makarkin, V.N., Greenwood, D.R., and Gunnell, G.F. (2014) The Red Queen and Court Jester in green lacewing evolution: bat predation and global climate change. PALAIOS, 29: 185–191 .
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2013.089

35- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald, S.B. (2014) An unusual new fossil genus probably belonging to the Psychopsidae (Neuroptera) from the Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America. Zootaxa, 3838: 385–391.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3838.3.8

34- Archibald, S.B., Morse, G.E., Greenwood, D.R., and Mathewes, R.W. 2014. Fossil palm beetles refine upland winter temperatures in the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 111: 8095–8100.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1323269111

Selected media for Fossil palm beetles refine upland winter temperatures in the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum:

33- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald, S.B.(2014) A revision of late Eocene snakeflies (Raphidioptera) of the Florissant Formation, Colorado, with special reference to the wing venation of Raphidiomorpha. Zootaxa, 3784: 401-444.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3784.4.4

32- Archibald, S.B., Kehlmaier, C., and Mathewes, R.W. (2014) Early Eocene Big Headed Flies (Diptera: Pipunculidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America. The Canadian Entomologist. 146: 429-443.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2013.79

2013

31- Shi, C.F., Makarkin, V.N. Yang, Q., Archibald, S.B., and Ren, D. (2013). New species of Nymphites Haase (Neuroptera: Nymphidae) from the Middle Jurassic of China, with a redescription of the type species of the genus. Zootaxa, 3700(3): 393–410.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3700.3.4

30- Archibald, S.B., Mathewes, R.W., and Greenwood, D.R. (2013). The Eocene apex of panorpoid scorpionfly family diversity. Journal of Paleontology, 87: 677–695.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1666/12-129

Selected media for The Eocene apex of panorpoid scorpionfly family diversity:

29- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald, S.B. (2013). A diverse new assemblage of green lacewings (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae) from the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands, western North America. Journal of Paleontology, 87: 123–146.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1666/12-052R.1  

28- Archibald, S.B., Greenwood, D.R., and Mathewes, R.W. (2013). Seasonality, montane beta diversity, and Eocene insects: testing Janzen’s dispersal hypothesis in an equable world. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 371: 1–8.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.10.043

Selected media for Seasonality, montane beta diversity, and Eocene insects: testing Janzen’s dispersal hypothesis in an equable world:

2012

27- Archibald, S.B., Greenwood, D.R., Smith, R.Y., Mathewes, R.W., and Basinger, J.F. (2011). Great Canadian Lagerstätten 1. Early Eocene Lagerstätten of the Okanagan Highlands (British Columbia and Washington State). Geoscience Canada, 38: 155–164.
https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/GC/article/view/18964

26- Archibald, S.B., Johnson, K.R., Mathewes, R.W., and Greenwood, D.R. (2011) Intercontinental dispersal of giant thermophilic ants across the Arctic during early Eocene hyperthermals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278: 3679–3686.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.0729

Selected media for Intercontinental dispersal of giant thermophilic ants across the Arctic during early Eocene hyperthermals:

25- Archibald, S.B. (2010) A revision of the scorpionfly family Holcorpidae (Mecoptera), with description of a new species from Early Eocene McAbee, British Columbia, Canada. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 46: 173–182.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00379271.2010.10697654

2010

24- Archibald, S.B., Bossert, W.H., Greenwood, D.R., and Farrell, B.D. (2010) Seasonality, the latitudinal gradient of diversity, and Eocene insects. Paleobiology, 36: 374–398.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1666/09021.1

Selected media for Seasonality, the latitudinal gradient of diversity, and Eocene insects:

2009

23- Archibald, S.B. (2009) New Cimbrophlebiidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) from the Early Eocene McAbee, British Columbia, Canada and Republic, Washington, USA. Zootaxa, 2249: 51–62.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2249.1.5

22- Archibald, S.B., Makarkin, V.N., and Ansorge, J. (2009) New fossil species of Nymphidae (Neuroptera) from the Eocene of North America and Europe. Zootaxa, 2157: 59–68.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2157.1.4

21- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald, S.B. (2009) A new genus and first Cenozoic fossil record of moth lacewings (Neuroptera: Ithonidae) from the Early Eocene of North America. Zootaxa, 2063: 55–63.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2063.1.3

2008

20- Lawrence, J.F., Archibald, S.B., and Slipinski, A. (2008) A new species of Prionoceridae from the Eocene of British Columbia. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 58(4): 689–693.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3161/000345408X396620

2007

19- Archibald, S.B. (2007) Climate and Species Diversity: The Eocene Okanagan Highlands Insect View, vols. 12. Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. 623 pp.

2006

18- Archibald, S.B.,Cover, S.D., and Moreau, C.S. (2006) Bulldog Ants of the Eocene Okanagan Highlands, and the history of the subfamily (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 99: 487–523.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2006)99[487:BAOTEO]2.0.CO;2

17- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2006) Tertiary Giant Lacewings (Neuroptera: Polystoechotidae) revision and description of new taxa from western North America and Denmark. Journal of Systematic Paleontology, 4: 119–155, 307 (errata).
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477201906001817

16- Moreau, C.S., Bell, C.D., Vila, R, Archibald, S.B, and Pierce, N.E. (2006) Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms. Science, 312: 101–104.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1124891

2005

15- Archibald, S.B. (2005) New Dinopanorpidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) from the Eocene Okanagan Highlands (British Columbia, Canada; Washington State, USA). Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 119–136.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/e04-073

14- Archibald, S.B., and Greenwood, D.R. (2005) The Okanagan Highlands: Eocene biota, environments and geological setting, southern British Columbia, Canada and northeastern Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 111–114.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/e05-012

13- Archibald, S.B., Pigg, K.B., Greenwood, D.R., Manchester, S.R., Barksdale, L.L., Johnson, K.R., Sternberg, M.E., Stockey, R.A., DeVore, M.L., and Rothwell, G.W. (2005) Wes Wehr dedication. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 115–117.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/e05-013

12- Archibald, S.B., Rasnitsyn, A.P., and Akhmetiev, M.A. (2005) The ecology and distribution of Cenozoic Eomeropidae (Mecoptera), and a new species of Eomerope Cockerell from the Early Eocene McAbee locality, British Columbia, Canada. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 98: 503–514.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2005)098[0503:EADOCE]2.0.CO;2

11- Greenwood, D.R., Archibald, S.B., Mathewes, R.W. and Moss, P.T. (2005) Fossil biotas from the Okanagan Highlands, southern British Columbia and northern Washington State: climates and ecosystems across an Eocene landscape. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 167–185.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/e04-100

10- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald S.B. (2005) Substitute names for three genera of fossil Neuroptera, with taxonomic notes. Zootaxa, 1054: 15–23.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1054.1.2

9- Moss, P.T. Greenwood, D.R., and Archibald, S.B. (2005) Regional and local vegetation community dynamics of the Eocene Okanagan Highlands (British Columbia-Washington State) from palynology. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 187–204.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/e04-095

2004

8- Archibald, S.B., and Makarkin, V.N. (2004) A new genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist, 136: 61–76.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/n03-043

2003

7- Archibald, S.B., and Farrell, B.D. (2003) Wheeler’s Dilemma. Proceedings of the Second Paleoentomological Congress, Acta Zoologica Crakoviensia, 46(supplement, fossil insects): 17–23.

6- Engel, M.S., and Archibald, S.B. (2003) An Early Eocene bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) from Quilchena, British Columbia. The Canadian Entomologist, 135: 63–69.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/n02-030

5- Makarkin, V.N., and Archibald, S.B.(2003) Family affinity of the genus Palaeopsychops Andersen with description of a new species from the Early Eocene of British Columbia, Canada (Neuroptera: Polystoechotidae). Annals of the American Entomological Society, 96: 171–180.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0171:FAOTGP]2.0.CO;2

4- Makarkin, V.N., Archibald, S.B., and Oswald, J.D. (2003) New Early Eocene Brown Lacewings (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) from Western North America, The Canadian Entomologist, 135: 637–653.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/n02-122

2000

3- Archibald, S.B., and Mathewes, R.W. (2000) Early Eocene insects from Quilchena, British Columbia and their paleoclimatic implications.  Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78: 1441–1462.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/z00-070

2- Pulawski, W.J., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Brothers, D.J. and Archibald, S.B. (2000) New genera of Angarosphecinae: Cretosphecium from Early Cretaceous of Mongolia and Eosphecium from Early Eocene of Canada (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 9: 34–40.

1999

1- Poinar, G. Jr., Archibald, B. and Brown, A. (1999) New amber deposit provides evidence of Early Paleogene extinctions, paleoclimates, and past distributions. The Canadian Entomologist, 131: 171–177.

Conference and Department Presentations

Oh, lots:

Talks for the public

Many, many in Vancouver, Victoria, Courtenay, Princeton, Keremeos, Penticton, Kelowna, Republic, the Colville Reserve (Pascal Sherman School), Seattle, Merritt, Kamloops, Cache Creek, Ashcroft, the Bonaparte Reserve, the Skeetchetn Reserve, 100 Mile House, Williams Lake, Smithers, Hazleton, Terrace, and Kitimat. See résumé.

Fossil heritage protection

Bruce Archibald: McAbee merits UNESCO World Heritage status. The Vancouver Sun, August 18, 2018.

New study validates SFU prof’s long campaign to protect fossil beds. The Vancouver Sun, January 26, 2018.

Cache Creek fossil site is a window on climate change: beetle specimens add to our understanding of global warming. The Vancouver Sun, May 12, 2014.

It took 10 years, but B.C. gov’t has ‘seen the light’ on important fossil beds. Postmedia News, March 2, 2012

Scientists say B.C.’s fossil treasures are being plundered. CTV News, October 7, 2010.

B.C. accused of grinding fossils into Kitty Litter. CTV News, October 5, 2010.

Evolutionary answers in McAbee fossil beds deserve protection. The Vancouver Sun, July 17, 2010

Destruction of fossil bed akin to ransacking of library of Alexandria. The Vancouver Sun, February 13, 2010

McAbee Fossil Bed not being protected. The Vancouver Sun, March 28, 2009

Fossil hunters run amok and the B.C. government sits idle. The Vancouver Sun, October 10, 2008